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A1 MkI

The Anadol A1, coded FW5 (Four Weeler 5) by Reliant, that has been developed the prototype upon Otosan's request and the design and styling of the A1 was done by Tom Karen, the chief designer of Ogle Design.

After he approval of the design, Reliant has started to develop the prototype. Just before the finishing of the prototype, the  Minister of Industry of the period, Mr. Mehmet Turgut, asked Koc Group to see the prototype for the last approval of the project.  Unfinished  prototype has been prepared for a long trip to Turkey in December 1965 with 2 experienced drivers. They have succeded to reach Turkey within 63 hours, which could be a record at that time. That trip was also a test drive for the car, due to the heavy weather and winter road conditions at the Swiss Alps and the Balkans. At December 22nd 1965, the car has been tested by the authorities of the Minister of Industry and the project has been approved.

The year 1966 was very though year for Otosan. One of the conditions of the project approval was the car to be in the market at the end of the 1966. Otosan management has shown remarkable efforts to get the production line ready on time. In December 1st, the production department, headed by Nihat Atasagun, has finished the production of 3 blue painted Anadol. Those cars have been sent for test drive and have been back after travelling all over Turkey 2.500km each, without any major problem. At  their return, Otosan and the production team were proud. Finally, A1 went into production on December 19th 1966.

Production of the A1 started with the Ford Cortina’s 1959 model 49 HP (4800 rpm) 1198cc Kent Pre-Crossflow OHV engine with cast iron block, but in 1968/08 it was replaced with the relatively stronger 54 HP (5500 rpm) 1298cc Ford Kent CrossflowOHV cast iron block engine.

“Lucas”  spherical head lamps with spherical signal lights and metal grille (from 12/66 to 04/72) have been placed at front and spherical signal and stop lights at rear. Nickel-plated bumpers were both at front and at rear. On the dashboard, there were placed two Smiths gauges: on the left a speedometer and on the right another gauge with water temperature and fuel indicators.  In 1969 the dashboard gauges were updated with a new design while the ergonomy of the steering wheel was improved. From 1970, spherical signal and stops have been changed to ellipse shape back lights (from 1970/01 to 1972/04). 

The 5-seat body is built from fibre glass and affixed to an H-frame chassis. . The chassis has independent front suspension utilising coil springs and leaf springs on a live axle for the rear. Front suspension has been adapted from 1965 Triumph and the rear from 1965 Ford Cortina Mk1. Brake system is mono hyrolic system with disc in the front and drum in the rear. Hand brake, placed between front seats, is mechanical. Hand brake lever connected by a cable to another lever at rear axle (1200cc models, only to the right  rear wheel). Cluch is hydrolic system. Gear box with cast iron block, is Ford type 2 model with manual transmission. Steering system is rack and pinion. A1 MkI kept this design until 1972/04.   

On the first models, heating and audio (radio) systems were optional. After 1968, heating system became standard. All swiches, except long beam, horn and signal,  are on the dashboard, including head lights, windshield wiper, heating system, finger-push windshield water and choke switches. After 1968/08, finger-push windshield water pump have been moved to the left of cluch pedal, as foot pump.  

Otosan developped an automatic transmission version of A1 in 1971 and introduced at Ege Makina showroom in Izmir. This version was also offering new front seats, bar facility at the back seats, new leather seat covers, etc... However, this version had never been mass produced and stayed as prototype of A1 MkI. In the history of Anadol, we couldn't find any other info about this model, except a news appeared in the newspaper "Yeni Asir" of Izmir. (the first picture of below photo gallery)Anadol A1 was also the first Turkish rally car, and Anadol Ralli Takımı  (ART) became the first Turkish rally team. The first official rally in Turkey, the 1968 Trakya (Thrace) Rally, was won by the famous duo of Anadol A1 pilots, Renc Kocibey and Demir Bukey. Other famous Anadol A1 rally pilots included Iskender Atakan, Claude (Klod) Nahum, Mete Oktar, Sukru Okcu and Serdar Bostanci. Famous rally driver Romolo Marcopoli was also an A1 fan. Still in 1968, another Turkish driver, Iskender Aruoba, participated in the 30,000 km Africa-Asia-Europe Tour, which lasted 8 months, with his Anadol A1 MkI.

Anadol A1 model, with the homologation documents by FIVA (old FIA), has been in the classical cars list and they can participate to the international classical car races.

3.772 units of A1 MkI 1200cc have been manufactured from 1966/12 to 1968/08  and 11.459 units of A1 MkI 1300cc from 1968/08 to 1972/04. Total A1 MkI production is 15.231.